Treacherous Ally: The Soviets in WWII

“If Hitler invaded hell I would make at least a favorable reference to the devil in the House of Commons.” Winston Churchill

During World War II the United States and England joined forces with the Soviet Union to fight National Socialist Germany. While the US and Britain were fighting the Germans, and subsidizing the Soviet government with billions of dollars worth of weapons and other supplies, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin was actively working against the interests of his allies.

All through the war years Stalin’s Communist government operated a network spies and subversives within the governments of England and the US. His agents stole the secrets of the atom bomb, undermined the pro-American forces of Chiang Kai-shek in China and Draja Mihailovich in Yugoslavia, interfered with communications between US President Franklin Roosevelt and English Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and generally tried to weaken Britain and the US in every way possible. But don’t expect to hear that in a typical US History class. Because most of America’s modern-day history professors and textbook writers lean very far to the left politically, they are reluctant to discuss the sins of the Soviet Union.

Forgetting Soviet Aggression

The whitewashing of Soviet behavior  in WWII starts even before the entry of Britain and the US into the war. In his freshman history textbook Give Me Liberty, Professor Eric Foner describes the German acts of aggression that helped start WWII in the late 1930’s, but withholds any mention of simultaneous Soviet aggression against Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and eastern Poland. He mentions the ironically-named “non-aggression pact” that Hitler and Stalin made with each other in August of 1939, but does not describe it for what it was: a plan for coordinated attacks by Germany and the Soviet Union against their neighbors; a division of the map of Europe into Soviet and German conquest zones.

Here is how Dr. Foner’s book describes the pact and its immediate aftermath:

In 1939, the Soviet Union proposed an international agreement to oppose further German demands for territory. Britain and France, who distrusted Stalin and saw Germany as a bulwark against the spread of communist influence in Europe, refused. Stalin then astonished the world by signing a nonaggression pact with Hitler, his former sworn enemy. On September 1, immediately after signing the Nazi-Soviet pact, Germany invaded Poland…Within a year, the Nazi blitzkrieg (lightning war) had overrun Poland, much of Scandinavia, Belgium, and the Netherlands. On June 14, 1940, German troops occupied Paris.”

Dr. Foner’s book does not say a word about the Soviet attacks against Finland and the three Baltic states, nor does he mention that the Soviets were attacking the eastern part of Poland while the Germans sacked the western part, as agreed to in the “non-aggression” pact. The next time the Soviets are mentioned, it is in the context of Hitler’s 1941 invasion of Russia, which summarily ended the “non-aggression” pact and aligned the Soviets with Britain in a war against Germany.

The five authors of the textbook Making a Nation1 are similarly reluctant to mention Soviet aggression at the start of the war, outside of one brief mention of the division of Poland.

The textbook Nation of Nations2 actually does briefly mention that the 1939 non-aggression pact allowed for Soviet designs on neighboring countries; albeit in rather bland and ambiguous language. According to the book, the pact allowed Stalin to “extend his western borders by bringing eastern Poland, the Baltic states (Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania), and parts of Romania and Finland into the Soviet sphere.” Words like “invasion” are only used in describing Nazi actions, not Soviet actions.

Making Spies Invisible

The historians who write these textbooks are even more reticent about Soviet espionage than they are about Soviet aggression. None of the three textbooks cited above mention a word about the WWII era espionage campaigns conducted in Britain and the US by Communist parties controlled by the Soviet Union through the Communist International (Comintern). Neither does the textbook America’s Promise3 Nor do any of the four books mention that Comintern agents in the American government actively influenced government policy to the benefit of the Soviet regime, and the detriment of America and her other allies. 

Nor, for that matter, do any of these textbooks even mention the words “Communist International.” Only Nation of Nations uses the contraction “Comintern,” one time, and only to say that WWII villains Germany and Japan formed a pact against it.

The Other Side of the Story

The half of history the history books don’t tell is that Communist agents were very active in the US and Britain before, during and after the “alliance” that Stalin formed with the US and Britain after Germany invaded Russia.

Between August of 1939 and June of 1941, when Hitler and Stalin were coordinating their attacks on their neighbors under the “non-aggression pact,” Communist agents in Britain and the US were under orders from Moscow to help Hitler. In England, Communist papers like the London Daily Worker published anti-war propaganda during this period.4When the German air force was conducting bombing raids against British cities, Communist agents like J.B.S. Haldane and Ivor Montagu sent their Soviet handlers reports on British air defenses, and damage reports about areas the Germans had attacked.5

During this period Soviet agents in the US were similarly publishing “anti-war” propaganda aimed at reducing American support for England, in general; and especially at keeping the US from joining the British in their war against Hitler. Earl Browder, the head of the Communist Party USA, published a book called The Second Imperialist War condemning the British war effort.6   Communists including Frederick Field organized a group called the American Peace Mobilization, which published “anti-war” propaganda, and even picketed the White House to oppose President Roosevelt’s plan to send aid to the British. But when Hitler invaded Russia on June 22 of 1941 the leaders of the American Peace Mobilization immediately forgot everything they had been saying about “peace,” re-named their organization the American People’s Mobilization, and started lobbying for the US to enter the war against the Nazis.7

Wartime Priorities

After Hitler invaded Russia, Soviet agents in Britain and the US supported the anti-Nazi war effort, albeit with conditions.

After Germany subordinated the government of Yugoslavia in early April of 1941, a group of soldiers and officers under the command of Draja Mihailovich, calling themselves the “Chetniks,” fought a guerilla war against the Nazis. Communist leaders in Yugoslavia had no interest in fighting the Nazi’s until after Hitler invaded Russia, but once Hitler and Stalin stopped working together they took up arms against both the Nazi’s and the Chetniks. The Communist leader, who gave himself the name “Tito,” was a protégé of Stalin, and thus the darling of Communist agents in the British and American governments.8

The way Communist agents in the Roosevelt administration represented the Yugoslavia situation to President Roosevelt was very different from what has now been documented as the actual truth. The picture he was getting from trusted aides induced Roosevelt to terminate American support for Mihailovich and start sending money and arms to Tito. By undermining British and American support for Mihailovich’s Chetniks, Stalin’s agents in the US government  impaired the war effort to some extent; but the Soviet Union’s agenda was served by having strong Communist influences in all the areas the Soviets hoped to conquer (and actually would conquer) in the later stages of the war.

In China, the bloodthirsty Communist Mao Zedong enjoyed the same advantage Tito had in Yugoslavia. He spent little effort fighting the Japanese, and sometimes even found ways to peacefully co-exist with the Japanese invaders.9His real fight was with the pro-American forces of Chiang Kai-shek. Meanwhile Chiang Kai-shek, with American financial support, was carrying the fight to the Japanese. But Soviet agents in the US government undermined Chiang at every turn. As they had in the Yugoslavia situation, Communist agents in the American government put Soviet interests ahead of the actual war effort.

Yugoslavia and China were not the only places where American allies were cut off at the knees by Communists in the American government. The same thing happened in Poland in 1944. As the Soviet Army was fighting to retake Poland from the Germans, Poles organized an armed rebellion against their German conquerors. One would think that the Russians would appreciate the help in fighting the Germans, but Stalin ordered his army to hold back, to allow the Nazis to crush the Polish resistance. Stalin was planning on enslaving Poland, something he had been trying to do before Germany invaded Russia in 1941. Letting patriotic Poles gain a military victory in their own country was not in his game plan.10

While the Polish resistance was still fighting for survival, and the Soviet army was holding back to let the Poles be slaughtered, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and US President Roosevelt made some effort to send weapons and other materiel to the beleaguered Poles. Presidential adviser Harry Hopkins, a Communist agent, boasted to an American general that he was willing and able to withhold any telegrams on the subject that Churchill might send to Roosevelt, in order to delay aid to the Poles until they were beyond help.11

When WWII was over, Soviet imperialism quickly gave rise to an anti-Soviet backlash in the US, which history professors and other leftists disparage as “McCarthyism.” But the American people were wise to distrust Stalin and his agents. The Soviet Union relentlessly pursued an agenda of subversion, aggression, and conquest; from its foundation in 1917 to its ignominious death in 1991.

1Boydston, Cullather, Lewis, McGerr, & Oakes; Making a Nation
2Davidson, Gienapp, Heyrman, Lytle, & Stoff; Nation of Nations
3Rorabaugh, Critchlow, & Baker; America’s Promise
4Romerstein and Breindel, The Venona Secrets, p. 23
5ibid., pp. 24, 25
6ibid., p. 513
7M. Stanton Evans, Blacklisted by History
, pp. 58, 59, 406
8ibid., pp. 93-97
9ibid., p. 107
104Romerstein and Breindel, The Venona Secrets
,
p. 216
11ibid., pp. 217, 218

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6 thoughts on “Treacherous Ally: The Soviets in WWII

  • I am not very sure whether my comment will be approved, but i wish to share my idea here.

    To start with i surely agree with all the aggressions and brutalities committed by Stalin, which in my own view exceeds that of Hitler. But by all means Stalin his Soviet Union felt such unsecured on their part against not just Hitler but also against the westerners and so all Stalin attempted to create a bulwark of other states by forcing them into soviet’s defense plan against inevitable Nazi invasion.

    Having said that history is not that easy to understand even for the experts, as Hitler and Stalin hated each other respectively – but yet Germany wanted raw materials and peaceful eastern front till he completed his western adventures against France among other countries, while Stalin on his part desperately needed time to prepare his military against an inevitable Nazi invasion, to add a side note he also considered this as a chance to increase soviet spheres of influence in Eastern Europe.

    So to conclude Stalin’s actions were certainly evil but he had little or no other options as neither France nor Britain were ready to sign a mutual defense pact of any kind with Stalin until the very first shots were fired in Poland.

  • It is true that “The way Communist agents in the Roosevelt administration represented the Yugoslavia situation to President Roosevelt was very different from what has now been documented as the actual truth.” But by then, Communist agents in the Churchill administration had already turned the truth of the situation in Yugoslavia on its head, falsely convincing Churchill that Tito, not Mihailovich, was the Allies’ only hope.

    The Roosevelt administration deferred to Churchill in policy matters re. Yugoslavia. It was Churchill, not Roosevelt, who first decided to abandon Mihailovich in favor of Tito. Indeed, the Roosevelt administration continued to collaborate with Mihailovich – accepting Chetnik help to rescue hundreds of downed bomber aircrews – long after Britain had cut all links with him.

    Churchill had originally strongly supported Mihailovich’s Chetniks, because they were the only organized group actively resisting the German, Italian, Bulgarian and Hungarian occupiers of Yugoslavia. As with Communists everywhere else in Europe, Tito and his Partisans were either dormant or actively pro-Nazi until June 22nd, 1941.

    So Britain supported the Chetniks. But throughout 1941 and 1942, Britain’s resources were so limited that the only tangible help the British could send to Mihailovich amounted to a few liaison and communications officers, some flawed radios, and a very slender ration of explosives and small arms. It was only from late-1943 onwards that more substantial aid could be delivered to Yugoslavia. By then, however, highly placed Communist agents in Britain had poisoned Churchill’s attitude and guaranteed that only Tito would benefit from a deluge of British and American armaments.

    The principal British traitor in this affair was James Klugman, yet another member of the notorious Cambridge Spy Ring (including also Philby, Burgess, Blunt, Maclean and Cairncross). A dedicated Communist, Klugman was a key officer in the Yugoslavia section of Britain’s SOE, controlling all communications between the field agents in Yugoslavia and SOE HQ. Klugman falsified reports coming from those field agents, attributing Chetnik resistance actions to the Partisans, and inventing accusations of collaboration between Mihailovich and the Nazis.

    Klugman’s plot was aided and abetted by many other Communist agents in the British service. For example, the widely admired BBC began to broadcast false reports of Partisan victories and Chetnik treachery. This was easily arranged, because the BBC’s Yugoslavia section was staffed mainly by anti-Chetnik Croats, together with two Serbs – both of whom just happened to be ardent Communists. Ludicrously, there was even a short period in which Soviet radio propaganda broadcasts were continuing to praise the Chetniks, while the BBC had already switched to pure vitriol against them.

    This carefully orchestrated campaign of lies and distortions succeeded. Churchill became convinced that Mihailovich and the Chetniks could not be trusted; but that Tito could. It was Churchill, not Roosevelt, who first decided to switch all aid to Tito. That, of course, is not to say that it took Roosevelt long to agree. He, like Churchill, was being fed utter falsehoods by trusted, senior officials who were actually Soviet agents of influence.

  • According to author Norman Davies in “no simple victory” the soviet espionage machine scored more hits against their erstwhile western allies than against the nazis.The red orchestra was the most successful soviet spy network in occupied europe.However even they were not safe from Stalin’s deathly paranoia,their leader,Leopold Trepper was arrested upon his return in 1945 and spent 10 years in the lubyanka before being released and eventually made his way to israel.Ironically he remained a dedicated communist to his death in january 1982.I have also read many publications stating that Stalin played Roosevelt like a fiddle at yalta.A combination of Roosevelt’s failing health,and the fact that many of his advisors were paid soviet agents/whistle blowers,could serve as an explanation.Look up the venona papers for more info.

  • Well I would live under American influence anyday compared to Soviet,, and I think if you ask those like me,(former Czech) who once lived under the soviet influenced regimes of eastern europe id go further and say america should have dropped the bombs on MOscow and the rest of Russia as well.

  • There were equally similar intrigues during WW2 against Russia or between Russia and USA against England. For example at the Tehran conference 1943 USA & Russia agreed to dismantle British & French colonialism after the war and resolve the postwar world into two power blocs, American and Soviet. Roosevelt secretly shipped Uranium and other nuclear material to Stalin via Vladivostok and Persia during WW2.

    In addition from late 1944 USA negotiated with Himmler & Hitler German proposals for a truce with the West so that Germany could exclusively fight the Soviets. These proposals are mentioned in declassified cables from Allen Dulles during 1945.

  • The WWII movies are always about the Americans and English.

    Fuller didn’t mention the Kaytn Forest massacre, where Russkies murdered thousands of Polish soldiers. Also what they were doing to Troksky and his family.

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