“The enemy of my enemy is my friend.” Arab Proverb

As regular readers know, the purpose of the “Columns” section of this website is to expose the leftwing bias prevalent among history department faculties on most American universities, and in the textbooks most of them require their students to read. In reading and re-reading the most widely-used freshman history textbooks, I see certain patterns emerge. One pattern that stands out like a sore thumb in these textbooks is the very harsh treatment given to anyone who ever fought vigorously against Communism.

This pattern of demonization extends not just to domestic political figures like Joseph McCarthy, but to anti-communist military and political leaders in foreign countries, to law enforcement officials who prosecuted Soviet spies, and even to our nation’s own troops when they fought against Communist forces on the battlefield.

Playing Favorites in Asia

“The winds of reform also blew through Asia. Some Asian leaders, like Mao Zedong in China and Ho Chi Minh in Indochina, saw Communism as the means to liberate their peoples from imperialist rule.” As this quote from the textbook Nation of Nations illustrates, the professors who write most of our history textbooks can’t be accused of overly harsh treatment of Communist leaders. Men like Mao didn’t fight to grab totalitarian power for selfish reasons, according to these textbooks; they came blowing in on the “winds of reform.”

I have seven of the most widely used freshman history textbooks1 on my desk at the moment, and not one says a negative word about Mao Zedong or Ho Chi Minh.

The harsh words are reserved for Chiang Kai-Shek, who fought Mao for control of China, and for the South Vietnamese leaders who tried to fight off Ho Chi Minh’s invasion of their country.

Mao Zedong is the greatest mass murderer in history, but very few young Americans will ever hear this in a history classroom. Students in most history courses are taught that Mao’s anti-Communist rival was the evil one. Chiang, the text books tell us, was a “reactionary,” and the leader of a “corrupt one-party dictatorship.”

American Troops as Villains

Chiang Kai-Shek and his men are not the only soldiers demonized for taking to the battlefield to fight Communist forces. Our own Vietnam era soldiers get similar treatment in mainstream history books. American GI’s are disparaged as thugs, and the officers who led them as lunatics and liars.

History texts even misrepresent America’s decision to support South Vietnam against a Communist takeover as some sort of treaty violation, when in fact all America was trying to do in Vietnam is protect South Vietnam’s right of self-determination.

Anti-Communist “Crimes” in the Western Hemisphere

Political and military leaders who fought against Soviet-armed Communist troops in the western hemisphere get the same rough treatment from American history professors. The civil war that allowed Fidel Castro to take over Cuba, for example, is portrayed in most textbooks as a fight for freedom and justice, not as a fight between one totalitarian thug and another.

Fulgencio Batista, the ruler Castro overthrew, is described in one textbook as “one of the most noxious of the Latin American dictators,”2. Another text depicts as proven fact a highly apocryphal quote attributed to President Roosevelt, describing Batista as a “son of a bitch.”34

The American soldiers who liberated the Caribbean nation of Grenada from a pro-Communist regime in 1983 get about the same treatment as Vietnam era GI’s. Only one of the seven history books I surveyed even mentions that hundreds of Cuban military “advisers” were constructing a Soviet airbase in Grenada when the US invasion brought their activities to a halt.

Most textbooks frame the Grenada invasion as American imperialism, or as motivated simply by President Ronald Reagan’s crony relationship with American business interests. Howard Zinn’s absurdly biased textbook, for example, tells us that “The connection between US military intervention and the promotion of capitalist enterprise has always been especially crass in the Caribbean.”

Anti-Communist “Villains” in the US

Ivory tower liberals reserve some of their harshest criticisms for anti-Communist American leaders like President  Reagan, J. Edgar Hoover, and, of course, Senator McCarthy.

In 1983 President Reagan angered the Soviets, and their supporters in the US, by establishing the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), a program to engineer a purely defensive anti-missile system that would protect America from nuclear attack. The Soviets, for obvious reasons, didn’t want to lose their ability to threaten the American people with nuclear annihilation. The anti-anti-Communists in this country reflexively opposed the program because the Kremlin opposed it.

Left-leaning historians of the modern day continue to disparage the SDI program in more or less the same terms they used back in ’83. Professor Eric Foner’s widely used textbook, for example, says “The idea was not remotely feasible technologically, and, if deployed, it would violate the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty of 1972.”

Dr. Foner is less than honest when he says an American program to defend us from ballistic missiles is not feasible. As President Reagan well knew, America is the place where technology races forward.

Today America is protected by that missile shield that Reagan envisioned in the 1980’s. It is continually being upgraded, and has even been offered to other countries. Doctrinaire leftists like Dr. Foner are counting on the ignorance of their students when they “teach” that a missile defense system is “not remotely feasible.”

Worse than Murder?

Mainstream historians show more sympathy for Soviet agents who lost their jobs in the US government after being exposed, than for the millions of innocent people who lost their lives at the hands their own governments in Communist countries like the Soviet Union, China, and Cambodia. And if other anti-Communist figures are demonized in history books, Senator Joseph McCarthy is Satan-ized. In their hostility to all things anti-Communist, college professors and other leftists have made McCarthy their Public Enemy Number One.

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Textbook authors go to extremes in making McCarthy’s counter-espionage efforts look like some sort of crime against Humanity. One book claims that “the vast majority of those jailed or deprived of their livelihoods during the McCarthy era were guilty of nothing more than holding unpopular beliefs and engaging in lawful political activities.”5 Another says “McCarthy was totally unscrupulous. The ‘big lie’ was his most effective weapon.”6Another characterizes him as “crude, sly, and ambitious.”7 Another describes McCarthy’s efforts as a “rampage” and claims that he “never substantiated his charges.”9

None of this is true, except perhaps for the “crude” and “ambitious” parts.

McCarthy actually did expose a shockingly high number of Soviet agents in the US Government. He is the focus of anti-anti-Communist wrath precisely because he did expose Soviet agents in the government (and, to some extent, because his personal flaws made him easier to demonize than other anti-Communist leaders). Leftists hate him not because of any false accusations he may have inadvertently made, but for the accurate accusations he so often made.


There is room for debate as to whether anti-anti-Communism is the same thing as pro-Communism. While some history textbook authors, like Professor Howard Zinn , have proven Communist sympathies, others might simply be reflexively opposing anything that conservatives support. But even if anti-anti-Communists don’t intend to be subversive, they certainly do misrepresent history to the students they are paid to teach.

Al Fuller
1Davidson, Gienapp, Heyrman, Lytle, & Stoff; Nation of Nations; Rorabaugh, Critchlow, & Baker; America’s Promise; Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty; Boydston, Cullather, Lewis, McGerr, & Oakes; Making a Nation; Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the United States; Carnes and Garraty, American Destiny; Goldfield, Abbott, Anderson, Argersinger, Argersinger, Barney, & Weir; American Journey.
2American Destiny, p. 805
3>Give Me Liberty, p. 739
4em>Making a Nation p. 678
5Give Me Liberty, p. 803
6American Destiny p. 796
7American Journey, p. 866
8Nation of Nations, p. 822
9ibid., p. 815

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7 thoughts on “Anti-Anti-Communism

  • Communism in theory is one thing. Communism in practice is another. In practice it is a brutally barbaric means of controlling people, as has been seen in Russia, China, Cambodia, and Cuba. Not to mention several countries in Africa that have made the same mistakes.

  • You don’t even have to go to College to hear these things. It’s basically Mother’s Milk if you don’t live among the “Silent Majority”

  • socialism and communism, yet there are countries that still use those strategies, created for other countries and Governments, socialism and communism, are strategies to fight and to destroy important businessman, in many countries, the strategies of socialism and communism are used by dirty criminals persons, without studies and of a lower society, as servants, bakers, and farmers without studies, with the power of drugs they go up to the Government, to destroy capitalism, because they hate the riches, those are the strategies, some persons inside the government of the united states and mexico, they want to keep using, the communism to fight and steal, to capitalist businessman, those strategies, the persons of Communism they started, to use it after 1963, but businessman always they are defending how much with lawyers, to keep and retrieve their business the product of the capitalism, in the united states and mexico, some still continue using strategies of communism, but capitalism is winning to communism, dirty strategies of socialism and communism, yet still are being use , whether as ironies of the life, first they use socialism, which is a very dirty way to steal, they speak to all the public using friendship as a powerful weapon, using and abusing of all media, to steal economy power, to other countries, the communism regime, is obligated to share, the common life, they do not work to become riches, those only work to produce, it’s normal life, food, dress, energy, and that they share, only in between them, and their allies, the country of mexico and united states, are not allied countries, to the Communist countries, why because? Mexico and united states still are using communist strategies, after 1963, why those dirty liars and thieves, are that way with th public, the communists, those hate the rich life, well fine they don`t still those riches, they to live and to love their own poverty, in the years of the 60’s and 70’s was very common to invite to the believers in communism, to go to live in Communist countries, in the countries of america and mexico, the communism been made major disasters in the us economy, much of the public, still have Communist beliefs, because they were attacked by Communist beliefs in the years of 1960’s and 70’s, they say that in the North American country, that the american public they don’t like to rich people, of any country, from any where, that the americans, they hate to rich people, many americans start to say that as, since the the began of the 1980’s, that the North America country, it is only for immigrants, from poorer countries, because they need to be sustain, that the North American country, is not for the rich people from any country, that the american public they criticize and hate, the life of the rich people, the americans still they have Communist and Socialist beliefs, that the Americans attack to steal with those Communist strategies, yet there are many employees of the u.s. gov, those same persons whom attacked with communism, at its same american government, since the attack in 1963, effectively, still those are the same band of Communists, whom want to destroy the country of north america since 1963 until the present time, those are persons without studies and of a very low social class, an exjanitor from the cleaning, under mc namara, also another under name cataline o. davalos, also a janitor cleaning, whom became a treasure, none body know how, but she use to do the cleaning work as a made inside the white house, the expresident 1962, he sent, to cataline davalos, to go to do her work to another where, her cleanign work to the treasure departament, how she became the treausre ?, some how she messunderstand, or she do tings to messunderstand the expresident 1962, she became a treasure in the 1963, after none body can say more, cataline davalos she been a mestress of many, and she have to run away, those are the most important workers from communism, and they sabotage the orders from the good faith, they sabotage them to make them from a bad faith, those employes say never true, those employes don’t own the laws, they are only representing the laws, those communist, first they use the socialism, by calling, it like with alleged friendship, to effort their durty businesses, and with that to make the economic capital, from other countries, to go to countries countries, it like to mexico and the united states, those criminals, davalos, mc namara, those are driving the two countries as a single same country, under the same economics and politically, they are stealing to keep the two countries, after those grappling with socialism, latter those attack with their communism band to businessmen, those stolen the fortune they made, and after the dirty and false Communists, those spent all the businessman profit money, the communist leave to all the public american and mexican, plunged again in the poverty, the communist power, those give orders for the public, to steal and destroy the capitalist business, this is the fight that created, the regime military communist of mexico and united states, yes they were giving orders to their public, in about to steal the business from the capitalism, but advocates of the capitalism businessmen, they were defend very well, and they are always fighting against the communists, who those are not other, than the powerfull political, and their bands, that want to steal the factories of capitalist businessman, the lawyers are ever defending the business of capitalists businessman, the lawyers ever require, for those political communists persons to understand, the capitalis factories, them were created by private businesses, politicians do not have nothing to do with the factories of private businessman, the businessmen pay taxes and permits in order to work with their factories, many of the communist politicians, when they got up to power, they want to liberarte of the factories, but those politicians always, have no chance because they stay shortly in the power, the politician are not owners of any factory, and with their figth as Communists, they want only to destroy and to kill to rich business persons, because the communist politicians are mad, envious, angry, plus jealous of the capitalist businessmas, the communist never they go to stole any factory, if communism could win in america, the capitalist businessman inmediately they were to remove and to close, all the capitalist business factories, that inside the Communist countries, because supposedly the Communists don’t like the riches, plus they will figth to kill, they love to share their lives of poor, they hate the riches, the Communists destroyed the capitalism of the rich businessmen, and await another merchant as dam, as if the businessmen, they have to keep, plus hold and sustain their dirty lives, of the socialists and communists, that is how far, the Communists should rather use another economic system, if they hate so much the riches, those communist may be they should adopt a system economy based on agriculture, if they hate so much to the rich, the communsit have to treat and cultivate something else, further education, and for they to grow their own food, and then, they eat their own lives themselves, if they dont `like to buy and sell well they to sustain their own life, so do not have to buy or sell with rich countries, many they know, that Communists, destroys rich money, for comunist to can be able to fornicate with any class of persons, they like to destroy economic power, which are fine used to defend from the life, it is very sure that the power of the Communists, has to do with the power of Satan, because the Communists ever destroyed to rich people, to be able to fornicate with them, the poor people like the power of Satan they always want to destroy the power of money, communists do make everyone run out of money, to fornicate with them, the power of communist are in everything, in the power that they are, most it is in the power of the police, it is in where they can use their Communist power, to use and abuse, violate, fornicate with any persons they want to figth, even after they abuse those fulminate them, the Communists forced to any cain of persons to have to leave, to out side the street, to make prostitution, the power of money, is used to defend themselves against Satan, the people can defend with money, so the Communist power, is a very bad power, they take over many countries, to destroy them financially, they seize the banks and take all the economic power under communism, that up from the political power, the Communist power the give orders for all have to live in socialism, and they all have to start making prostitution, togueter they have to live with the same money, in the capitalist countries, the lawyers are ever fighting, how much to destroy the communism, which is nothing but, to have to fight and to accuse, the political communist thieves, and their band, that want to steal, good and money, from the factories of capitalist businessmen, the lawyers have to, publicly accuse, the robbers for they to end with the communism, If the political Communists, those hate so much to rich business people, well why those?, stolen riches, the capitalists they have their own system, the capitalists pay their workers, and pay taxes, the capitalists have their own sources of employment, they have nothing to do with politics or with communism, Communism is another very different political power, Communism is pure stealing and they talk a lot about stolen, they speech, lies and make many frauds, communist must to kept away from capitalism, capitalists are pure study and work, the workers and employees of capitalists factories, they are very rich, payed workers, well pay by the rich capitalist businessmen and their own studies, the factories are privately owned by capitalist businessman, many factories from the capitalism in mexico and the United States, they are under the care from well done, lawyers and insurance companies, many factories in mexico and america and arround the world, they are from the legal ownership from an american businessmen and their families, from the name howard hughes, its factories have nothing to do with any government, and to keep it fine working, the lawyers from hughes, they pay their taxes, they are in billions pay taxes, and the profit capital, it is shipped to countries like switzerland and north america, the factories of hughes are free of communism, because the u.s. government sent to attack any kind of communism, the power of hughes could defend against communism, with military power, to destroy communismin, in the country of the united states, there are as much from capitalist power, because the lawyers, defend so much to businessmen, to live well, and respect God, all like that it is respect, they do not allow communism, because communism destroys entire countries, as communism destroys to countries such as mexico, the government kidnapped all the economic foringers and nation power, to make communism to rob the businessman, communists, it does only to steal good and money, they spend it, all the money until to be done, as they like that, plunged in dirty poverty, and they have to again begin, to make more conflicts to steal their next captive. the capitalist power, already won in the Soviet country

  • Jorien,

    Forgive me, but I must take issue with your first two sentences regarding communism being democratic and anti-state. This assumes everyone believes in communism and wants to live in that way. I assure you there are a great number of people in the world who find communism quite distasteful and blatantly naive and inconsiderate of human nature in every way. As such, the only way communism can function is if everyone in the system is in agreement with one another and wants the same things. Otherwise, it is a situation that would require, as many communist leaders
    realized, a very powerful and heavy handed state to enforce very large
    groups of people to conform to it’s ideals, and, as we saw in the last 100
    years, it requires that state to ‘eliminate’ anyone who does not wish to
    cooperate in order for the system to be able to function. Communism can
    only succeed among groups of like minded individuals, and as such can
    never be implemented, systematically, on a state level, without
    eliminating, imprisoning, or banishing everyone who simply disagrees with
    the system. Conversely, under ‘capitalism’ (which is really a misnomer, because it assumes people living under other systems ie communism
    cannot capitalize off of the system, which of course they can) or ‘free
    enterprise’ as I like to refer to it, people are free to form communes
    among their likeminded peers if they wish to. Free enterprise, on the state
    level, forces no one to participate in capitalism who does not wish to. So
    I say to you, you are free to be a communist if you like, only please be
    courteous enough to allow me to not participate in communism, and allow
    me and my ilk to live as we wish.

  • Communism had nothing to do with the Stalinist regimes in the USSR and China. If you look at what communism means you will find out that it is very democratic and anti-state.

    Joseph Stalin build on the degeneration of the Russian revolution and build his bureaucratic centralized Soviet-Empire. Stalin killed 2/3 of the Bolshevik Party between 1936 and 1938. After the failed Finland war, he killed almost all military officers and generals. 600.000 party members were killed by that monster. By 1945, what Americans and the capitalist media called ”communism” was in fact stalinism. A bureaucratic falsification of the original democratic Marxist ideal.

    I hate people like Stalin, Mao and Pol Pot. Even Fidel Castro and Ho Chi Minh I don’t love. Stalinism is anticommunism and has nothing to so with marxism or communism.

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